Carpet is a cloth backing material with yarn arranged in a vertical position to form the pile. The backing material serves as an anchorage for the pile which forms the upper surface of the carpet.
Basically, carpets can be split into two main complimentary components:
a) Pile forming yarn – To walk on
b) Backing material – To secure and support the pile.
A secondary backing is sometimes used to give additional stability.
When carpets are laid, or displayed only the pile is visible but it should not be forgotten that the backing material is equally important and influences both the quality and of the finished product.
There are various methods of inserting and securing the pile yarn into the backing during manufacturing but essentially these methods can be divided into two categories:
• None woven, such as: Tufting (including loop-pile tufting), Needlepunch, Bonded.